Published in English

Mršević Z., (2017)
Security as a prerequisite of freedom - (not)efficiency of criminal law protection 201-217
In: Sloboda, bezbednost pravo na privatnost. Zbornik radova.
Ed: Zoran Pavlović
Novi Sad: Pokrajinski zaštitnik građana i
Beograd: Institut za kriminološka i sociološka istraživanja
ISBN 978-86-89417-04-3 (PZG)
ISBN 978-86-80756-97-3 (IKSI)
COBISS-SR-ID 318285575

The paper presents an analysis of recent cases of publicly and privately committed homophobic and transphobic violence against LGBT people in Serbia, resulting in essential limitation of personal security, and consequently, reduced freedom and basic rights of the members of this population. Physical violence against persons of non-traditional sexual orientation and non-binary gender identity, as well as hate speech in public discourse, and on the other hand, the impunity of those who committed these acts are the main reasons why a large number of LGBT people live in fear for personal safety, significantly reduced movements, communications, educations and professional aspirations, while conducting a "double" life, and fearing of further victimization, does not report hate crimes cases. Although the Criminal Code contains Article 54a stipulating hate speech and hate crime as aggravating circumstances, to date there has been no one sentenced with a call to that provision.

Key words: Personal safety, reduced freedom, hate motivated crime, hate speech, impunity of perpetrators, nobody sentenced

Mršević Z., (2017)
Media coverage of court proceedings in cases of gender-based violence. 195-207
In., Pravosuđe i mediji.
Ur., Ivana Stevanović
Beograd: Institut za kriminološka i sociološka istraživanja.
ISBN 978-86-83287-97-0
COBISS.SR-ID 235768076

Key words: Hegemonic masculinity, partner and non-partner femicide, the murder of old women, decision of the Press Council, violence in circles of celebrities

Janković S., Mršević Z., (2017)
Improving the quality of functioning of the security sector gender mainstreaming 459-465.
ed., Ljubiša Papić, In “DQM International conference Life style Engineering and Management.
DQM Research Center, Prijevor
ISBN 978-86-86355-35-8
COBISS.SR-ID 240575500

Women in the armed forces of the world, still have unequal status, often are professionally separated and culturally discriminated, but however, they are neither peripheral in the military organization, nor only a passive observer of events in it. Better general social acceptance of women as soldiers increases the attractiveness of military service, both of women and men. Many positive and successful models of women's military career also contribute, as well as currently decades-long presence of women in modern armed forces of the world. One of the key arguments for improving the functioning of the security system is more meaningful engagement of human resources, comprising acknowledgment of the role and importance of women. Necessary is also the full integration of gender aspects in peace processes, in everyday life and thus more effective engagement towards creating a safe and secure environment through a more consolidated gender-equitable system security.

Key words: security sector, gender perspective, women in the armed forces, security system

Mršević Z., i Janković S., (2017),
Factors of women’s participation in armed forces 239-251.
In: Dani Arčibalda Rajsa
Ed: Biljana Simeunović-Patić
Beograd: Kriminalističko policijska akademija
ISBN 978-86-7020-378-5
COBISS-SR-ID 249244684

In the text are presented factors that contribute to women's participation in the armed forces. History shows that women in earlier centuries also were active in the armies. But after the end of the armed conflict they were regularly excluded from military service and military professional privileges, what also happened after the Second World War and the national liberation wars during the twentieth century. Not before the last quarter of the twentieth century began the professional integration of women into the armed forces. The main factor was the lack of men willing and able for military service, but also the current processes of increased social equalization of gender relations. In the text is presented the so-called, Segal impact model of multicollinearity indicating the existence of multiple independent factors influencing the circumstances of women’s participation in the armed forces. Most attention is paid to military factors, including the reference to national security, the impact of recently-led wars, international military alliances and changes in military technology. Military transformation, evident over the past decade through the armed forces of NATO member states, inevitably involve the transformation of the military nature of women's participation. Such transformation, accelerated by the wars in Iraq (and Afghanistan), including changes to the hiring of female staff and their deployment. Today there is increasingly expressed the view that women have a "right to uniform," as the right to equal professional treatment in any field. Examples of successful military careers of prominent women in the armies of the world's major military powers, especially the recently promoted women in the highest general rank orders, were also highlighted in the text as models of strong influence to young women’s decision to join the army.

Key words: women in armed forces, “Segal model” of factors multicollinearity, lack of men, national security, “Jenny effect", women generals

Mršević Z., (2016)
Transgender prisoners, 150-160
in Archibald Reiss Days, Volume 1,
Ed., Đorđe Đorđević & others.
Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies, Belgrade
ISBN 978-86-7020-356-3
COBISS.SR-ID 226081548

Summary. The subject is theoretical review of position of transgender persons serving prison sentences. The text aims to raise the level of knowledge about the existence of high exposure to violence and sexual abuse of that group and to offer answers to some of the issues of crucial importance, for example, once when in prison, where they are supposed to be placed, among women or men, and could they upon request, change sex while in prison. The text presents and argues possible legal solutions, relying on legal comparative answers to basic questions of prison accommodation of transgender prisoners: in accordance to their acquired (desired, or wished) rather than to their anatomical, biological gender. How to protect them of violence, how to answer to demands of transgender people to continue hormone treatment started before serving a prison sentence, as well as on their request to begin with the process of gender reassignment process while in a prison. In situation where there is a significant lack of research data documenting involvement of trans issues in the contemporary security studies, it opens a lot of room for improvement in that area. Although it seems easy to continue ignoring penological aspects of transgender issues, failure to discuss raising level of respect for human dignity in the prison system of Serbia would be irresponsible. Especially given that this group, while becoming visible in our society after legalized process of gender reassignment within the health system of the Republic of Serbia, financed by the health funds, at the same time becomes subject of further discrimination and violence.

Key words: Transgender prisoners, gender identity, sex reassignment surgery, hormone treatment, sexual violence, human dignity

Mršević Z., (2016)
Comparative change in the legal status of transgender persons, 115 - 132
Facta Universitatis Vol. 14. no. 1: 115 – 132, 2016
University of Niš. Niš
ISSN 1450-5517 (print)
ISSN 2406-1786 (online)
COBISS.SR-ID 138066439

The experiences of other countries from around the world, show that there is no only one and the same, everywhere applicable scenario of legal changes in terms of regulating the status of transgender people. The process most commonly begins by providing gender reassignment hormonal surgery procedures, which necessarily are followed by legal recognition of newly gender identity. The next step necessarily implies the need to enact legislation to regulation the so-called social gender or gender identity, according to the right to self-determintation of transgender persons, which is unrelated to previously undertaken medical treatment and gender reassignment surgery. Some countries have gone far in implementation of this third step, while others have not taken even not the first steps. Notably, different initiatives and events may be observed worldwide, many of which constitute the necessary “first steps” aimed at increasing the social acceptanced of gender diveristy. These steps may seem small and insufficient, but they are actuallt huge and significant in breaking the sanctity of the binary gender division and accepting specific transgender individuals. All steps are based on the need to protect all people, incuding transgender people from discrimination, violence, different forms of victimization, and other impacts of neglecting gender identity. Once gender identity becomes legally protected, it is possible to gradually build procedures and other types of legal protection mechanisms designed for all people whose gender identity differs from the rigid binary division into women and men, as the only identity options. In Serbia there is still a significant lack of legal regulations of status of transgender persons, which implies that there is much room for improvement in this area. While it would be easy to keep ignoring this issue, it would be irresponsible to exclude transgender persons from analysis of social phenomena involving marginalization and victimization.

Key words: transgender, gender identity, gender mark change in identification documents, first steps

Mršević Z., (2016)
Transgender prisoners, 150-160.
in Archibald Reiss Days, Volume 1,
Ed., Đorđe Đorđević & others.
Academy of Criminalistic and Police Studies, Belgrade
ISBN 978-86-7020-356-3
COBISS.SR-ID 226081548

Mršević Z., (2016)
Transgender women in prisons, str. 259 – 269
Ed., Ivana Stevanović
In: Krivične i prekršajne sankcije i mere
Institut za kriminološka i sociološka istraživanja Beograd
ISBN 978-86-83287-90-1
COBISS.SR-ID 223617548

Danijela Spasić;, Slađana Đurić;, Zorica Mršević;, (2015).
Survival in an “all boys club”: Policewomen in Serbia. 57 – 70.
Women’s Studies International Forum, Volume 48, January–February 2015, Pages 57–70.
ISSN: 0277-5395
Elsevier, University of Glasgow
doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2014.10.008
5-Year Impact Factor: 0.657

The paper is based on the results of the first qualitative research focusing on the position of policewomen in Serbia. The research was conducted from June to August 2011 on a sample of 30 policewomen of various standings as working police officers; it took into account the types of roles held, the police schools they finished, their professional experience and the size of the police organizations with which they were employed. The core questions in the analysis related to policewomen's experiences while completing their education, during the hiring process and while carrying out their police duties, as well as regarding possibilities for promotion. Although considerable improvement was noted regarding the status of women in the process of police education, most participants in the research had negative experience in the course of finding a job; they also experienced limitations with regard to their promotion as well as various sorts of harassment at work.

Key words: police schools, police women, carrying police duties, negative experiences, various sorts of harassments, improvements

Survival in an “all boys club”: Policewomen in Serbia. 57 – 70.

Mršević Z., (2015)
The Beauty of graffiti, 147-190
Ed: Andreea Lazea
In: Art, Society, and Politics in (Post) Socialism
West University, Timisoara
ISBN 978-973-125-470-8

The author presented a series of anonymous interventions in the form of witty “restorations” of the worst hatred contents, funny correspondence, new paintings opposing the hatred, and more beautiful pictures. Thus she discovered the existence of some kind of wild – although unfinished – but certainly attractive, urban beauty. She was faced by the beauty of creation, and it was a moment of enlightenment, when she realised the difference between the power of creativity and violence. The capacity of creativity stood opposed to destruction and violence, actors of creation versus violence as demolition. She opted, naturally, for the power of creation, disagreeing with those who think all graffiti is simply an ugly and unacceptable way of dirtying the city’s spaces and buildings. Graffiti messages expressing anti-Semitism, Territoriality, Right-wing sentiments, Misogyny, Homophobia, etc., belong to the domain of hate. Artistic, Loving, Acknowledging, Images/Murals belong to the domain of beauty, while Left-wing, Football-related, and Politically-oriented pieces are aesthetically neutral and might be placed within beauty or hate domains on an individual case-by-case basis.

Key words: graffiti, artistic graffiti, legal and illegal graffiti, how to combat hate graffiti

Danijela Spasić, Sladjana Djurić, Zorica Mršević, (2015),
Survival in an “all boys club”: Policewomen in Serbia

Women's Studies International Forum
Volume 48, January–February 2015, Pages 57–70

Synopsis: The paper is based on the results of the first qualitative research focusing on the position of policewomen in Serbia. The research was conducted from June to August 2011 on a sample of 30 policewomen of various standings as working police officers; it took into account the types of roles held, the police schools they finished, their professional experience and the size of the police organizations with which they were employed. The core questions in the analysis related to policewomen's experiences while completing their education, during the hiring process and while carrying out their police duties, as well as regarding possibilities for promotion. Although considerable improvement was noted regarding the status of women in the process of police education, most participants in the research had negative experience in the course of finding a job; they also experienced limitations with regard to their promotion as well as various sorts of harassment at work. The paper is based on the results of the first qualitative research focusing on the position of policewomen in Serbia. The research was conducted from June to August 2011 on a sample of 30 policewomen of various standings as working police officers; it took into account the types of roles held, the police schools they finished, their professional experience and the size of the police organizations with which they were employed. The core questions in the analysis related to policewomen's experiences while completing their education, during the hiring process and while carrying out their police duties, as well as regarding possibilities for promotion. Although considerable improvement was noted regarding the status of women in the process of police education, most participants in the research had negative experience in the course of finding a job; they also experienced limitations with regard to their promotion as well as various sorts of harassment at work.

Mršević Z., (2014),
LGBT children between public homophobia and their parental families dismissal instead of solidarity and protection 325 357

In., MIND THE GAP(S) Family, Socialization and Gender
Ed., Tamara Petrović-Trifunović, Sanja Milutinović Bojanić , Gazela Pudar Draško
Belgrade: Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade & Center for Ethics, Law and Applied Philosophy
ISBN: 978-86-82417-81-1

Research on situation in parental families of LGBT children and youth and their parental families in Serbia is based on the following sources of data: published coming out stories of adult LGBT persons, published parents of the LGBT people’s stories, literature on LGBT topics, LGBT organisations’ records, reports and data collection, the media and case studies. The main topics of the pare are: What do parents when facing with fact that their children are LGBT, Reaction of children to their parents’ negative reaction, Parental acceptance and Stigmatization of these parents, Public expression of homophobia, Young people’s opinions on their LGBT peers, Education system failures, Violence against LGBT, Recommendations on necessary changes in the institutional educational system, a utopia today, the reality tomorrow.

Ključne reči: LGBT children and youth, parental families, public homophobia, violence against LGBT people, system of education

Mršević Z., (2014),
LGBT Children between public homophobia and their parental families’ dismissal instead of solidarity and protection, 325 - 357

in: MIND THE GAP(S) Family, Socialization and Gender
Ed., Tamara Petrović-Trifunović, Sanja Milutinović Bojanić , Gazela Pudar Draško.
Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade Center for Ethics, Law and Applied Philosophy. Belgrade.
ISBN: 978-86-82417-81-1

Homofobično društvo, instiucije i pojedinci diskriminišu i vrše razne oblike nasilja nad LGBT osobama, što ih svrstava u najugroženije društvene grupe. Ali dok odrasle LGBT osobe imaju izgrađene određene sisteme samoodbrane, dotle su LGBT deca mnogo bespomoćnija u suočavanju sa nasiljem i odbacivanjem u svojim porodicama, al i i drugim društvenim ambijentima u kojima se kreću, obrazovnim, sportskim i religiozim institucijama. Roditeljska porodica može da bude prava odbrana i zaštita od homofobičnog društva ako razvije solidarnost prema svojim LGBT najmlađim članovima umesto da bude produžena ruka homofobičnog nasilja.

Ključne reči: Homofobija, porodično nasilje, prinudno lečenje, diskriminacija, odbacivanje LGBT dece i mladih, solidarnost, zaštita.

Mršević Z., (2014),
LGBT Children between public homophobia and their parental families’ dismissal instead of solidarity and protection, 325 - 357

in: MIND THE GAP(S) Family, Socialization and Gender
Ed., Tamara Petrović-Trifunović, Sanja Milutinović Bojanić , Gazela Pudar Draško.
Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade Center for Ethics, Law and Applied Philosophy. Belgrade.
ISBN: 978-86-82417-81-1

Homofobično društvo, instiucije i pojedinci diskriminišu i vrše razne oblike nasilja nad LGBT osobama, što ih svrstava u najugroženije društvene grupe. Ali dok odrasle LGBT osobe imaju izgrađene određene sisteme samoodbrane, dotle su LGBT deca mnogo bespomoćnija u suočavanju sa nasiljem i odbacivanjem u svojim porodicama, al i i drugim društvenim ambijentima u kojima se kreću, obrazovnim, sportskim i religiozim institucijama. Roditeljska porodica može da bude prava odbrana i zaštita od homofobičnog društva ako razvije solidarnost prema svojim LGBT najmlađim članovima umesto da bude produžena ruka homofobičnog nasilja.

Ključne reči: Homofobija, porodično nasilje, prinudno lečenje, diskriminacija, odbacivanje LGBT dece i mladih, solidarnost, zaštita.

Mršević Z., (2014),
Fear and how to cope with it (El miedo y cómo lidiar con él), 917- 929.

in: The many voices of oral history (Las múltiples voces de la historia oral.) Ed., Santacana Carles, Vilanova Mercedes. Unversity of Barcelona. Barcelona.
ISBN: 978-84-393-9167-8

Mršević Z., (2014),
Young Lesbians and Transgender Girls in Serbia, 259-284

Ed., M.Adamović, B. Galić, A. Gvozdanović, A. Maskalan, D. Potočnik, L. Somun Krupalija, in Young women in post-Yugoslav societies: research, practice and policy
Institute for Social Research in Zagreb, Human Rights Centre, University of Sarajevo

ISBN 978-953-6218-56-1 (Institute for Social Research in Zagreb)
ISBN 978-9958-541-12-4 (Human Rights Centre)

Mršević (2013),
Homophobia in Serbia and LGBT Rights

Southeastern Europe, Volume 37, Issue 1: 60–87

ISSN : 0094-4467
E-ISSN : 1876-3332

Keywords: homophobia in Serbia; LGBT activists; violence; discrimination; right to public assembly; Pride Parade

Mršević Z., (2013),
Food and Electricity: The War and Women’s Memories and Stories, 145-159.

Ed., Maria-Sabina Draga Alexandru, Madalina Nicolaescu, Helen Smith
Between History and Personal Narrative -East European Women's Stories of Migration in the New Millennium

ISBN 978-3-643-90448-5

Keywords:NATO intrvencion, bombing of FR Yugoslavia, women’s memories, refugees, migrant women, everyday life and struggle for existence, the story of three Marinas LIT Verlag, Berlin

Mršević Z., (2012),
Street Graffiti – Between Amnesty of Our Children and Moral Panicking

Bezbednost, vol. 54, 2:7-22.

UDK 343+351.74/75(05)
YU ISSN 0409-2953
UDK – 003.6.079 : 177.82 : 364.632 – 053.6

Keywords:street hate graffiti, youth subculture, alternative narration, vandalism of public property, discrimination, violence, threats, positive validation of hate.

ZORICA MRSEVIC and DONNA M. HUGHES (1997)
Violence Against Women, vol. 3, 2 : 101-128.
DOI: 10.1177/1077801297003002002
Violence Against Women in Belgrade, Serbia: SOS Hotline 1990-1993
The online version of this article can be found at:
http://vaw.sagepub.com/content/3/2/101